According to 22% of the polled, the emperor was an innocent victim of the Bolshevik terror (second position).
However, 17% of Russians believe that the emperor abdicated the crown in the hard times and is responsible for what happened to Russia after 1917 (third position).
Nicholas II plunged Russia into poverty and was overthrown as a result of people's rebellion, said 14% of the respondents (fourth position).
Russians under 40, mainly women, students, and residents of Moscow, the Siberian and Northwestern Federal Districts who voted for the United Russia party in the State Duma elections share the first position (martyr's death atoned for everything).
Male officials, businessmen and unemployed persons, Russians aged 25-40, people with secondary education, residents of the Far Eastern, Southern and Northwestern Federal Districts and settlements with the 100,000-500,000 population, as well as supporters of the Liberal-Democratic Party of Russia (LDPR) regard the emperor as an innocent victim of the Bolshevik terror.
Men aged 40-54 with higher and secondary education, living in the Volga Federal District and big cities except Moscow and St. Petersburg and those who voted for the Rodina (Homeland) party or against all share the third position.
The fourth position was chosen by men, people over 40, with primary education, residents of Moscow and the Volga Federal District and supporters of the Rodina party.
This representative nationwide poll was conducted in 128 settlements of 46 Russian regions. The statistic error does not exceed 3%.