The textbook explains past Japanese aggression against its neighbors during World War II in the Far East as a liberation move, angering China and South Korea.
South Koreans and Chinese take it for a declaration of Japanese leadership's conformism to past militarism.
The approval of the history and civic textbook by Japan's Ministry of Education in April 2005 led to anti-Japanese demonstrations in China and South Korea.
The textbooks will be used in 26 Tokyo high schools beginning April 1 of next year.
Two weeks ago, the textbooks were also sanctioned by the educational council of Otawara, a city in Tochigi Prefecture, north-west of Tokyo, for use in four high schools comprising 1,600 pupils.