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FACTBOX: The Republic of Armenia

* Founded: September 21, 1991 when it gained independence from the Soviet Union.

* Head of state: President Robert Kocharyan (reelected for five-year term March 2003).

* Geography: Southwestern Asia.

* Neighbors: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran and Turkey.

* Total area: 29,800 sq km. Armenia is only 1,900 sq km smaller than Belgium and more than 8,000 sq km bigger than Israel.

* Capital: Yerevan.

* Population: 2,982,900 (July 2005).

* Languages: Armenian 97.7%, Russian 0.9%, and others 1.4% (2001 census).

* GDP per capita (purchasing power parity): $5,100 (2005 est.)

* Main industries: diamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing and brandy.

* Main agriculture products: fruit (especially grapes), vegetables and livestock.

* WTO member since January 2003

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