Scientists Discover Water Under Mysterious Antarctica Glacier

© Flickr / elidukeTaylor Glacier, Antarctica
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A new study recently revealed that researchers have for the first time spotted water underneath Taylor Glacier in Antarctica; it is expected to shed more light on the mysterious Blood Falls, a liquid brine that pours into Lake Bonney in the southernmost of the three largest Dry Valleys.

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Scientists have for the first time tracked down water underneath Taylor Glacier in Antarctica; the discovery will help researchers learn more about the mysterious Blood Falls, a liquid brine that pours into Lake Bonney in the southernmost of the three largest Dry Valleys, according to a new study published in the journal Nature Communications.

"We've learned so much about the dry valleys in Antarctica just by looking at this curiosity. Blood Falls is not just an anomaly, it's a portal to this sub-glacial world," Jill Mikucki, a microbiologist at the University of Tennessee, said.

Mikucki was at the helm of an international research team that finally managed to trace liquid water underneath the icy soil in Taylor Valley, stretching from the coast to at least 7.5 miles (12 kilometers) inland.

Scientist said that the liquid, which is twice as salty as seawater, was spotted with the help of a sophisticated airborne electromagnetic sensor, which created a magnetic field that in turn can penetrate the ground to a depth of about 1,000 feet, according to the study.

"This study shows that Blood Falls isn’t just a weird little seep. It may be representative of a much larger hydrologic network, "Mikucki said.

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Researchers believe that water underneath Taylor Valley could have turned extremely salty due to freezing and evaporation of larger lakes that once filled the valley.

Another theory is that ocean water, which could have once flooded the Taylor Valley canyons, finally retreated, leaving remnants behind.

Antarctica's Dry Valleys are thought to be the most arid places on Earth. They are also considered one of the closest analogs to Mars that are located on Earth; in this regard, the new study will almost sure help scientists  get to know the Red Planet better.

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