Get Ready for Rising China-India Tensions

© AFP 2023 / PRAKASH SINGHIndia Prime Minister Narendra Modi (L) gestures while talking with China's President Xi Jingping during the BRICS leaders' meeting with the BRICS Business Council at the Taj Exotica hotel in Goa on October 16, 2016
India Prime Minister Narendra Modi (L) gestures while talking with China's President Xi Jingping during the BRICS leaders' meeting with the BRICS Business Council at the Taj Exotica hotel in Goa on October 16, 2016 - Sputnik International
Earlier this week a dispute erupted over Indian troops crossing into Chinese territory. Perhaps, it’s a sign Sino-India tensions will flare up even more as both sides fight for greater influence in Asia. Tom McGregor takes a closer look.

By Tom McGregor, commentator and editor, based in Beijing

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India Beefs Up Military Presence Along Border With China as Conflict Looms
Only two nations in the world can lay claim to populations of more than 1 billion people — China and India, and they share a 3,488-km. long border. The two countries can also boast of strong economic growth rates in recent years.

Chinese President Xi Jinping and Indian Prime Minister Narenda Modi stand tall as charismatic leaders who seek to lead their nations with patriotic sentiments.

Beijing and New Delhi see themselves as giants in Asia, but the nationalist self-confidence from both sides may ignite a heated rivalry in which bilateral relations could deteriorate.

Border Incursion

A flashpoint had ensued when Modi visited the White House on Monday. The Indian leader and US President Donald Trump had demonstrated unifying support for stronger India-US ties.

The two sides pledged to favor more economic cooperation and Washington agreed to sell a cache of weapons to New Delhi.

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But while Modi and Trump were celebrating a State Dinner together, Indian troops in Sikkim were observed crossing the border in China’s Tibet Autonomous Region.

Although Modi said, “not a single bullet was fired,” Beijing’s response was threatening and ominous.

China’s state-owned newspaper, the People’s Daily, reported on China’s Foreign Ministry (FM) weekly press conference on Tuesday. The FM spokesperson Lu Kang demanded Indian troops depart from the country.

“The Indian side should take necessary measures to alleviate the tension caused by their border troops’ illegal entry and create conditions for their pilgrims travel to Xi Zang via the Nathu Lu Pass,” Kang said.

Misunderstanding or intentional crossing?

A majority of Indians are devout followers of Hinduism and are keen to participate in spiritual ceremonies, along with making pilgrimages to holy sites.

An Indian national flag is flown next to the Chinese national emblem. (File) - Sputnik International
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Around this time of year, many Indian Hindus cross the border to visit a remote mountain in Tibet that is believed to be revered as home to the Hindu god, Shiva.

Nevertheless, the De Facto Border, known as ‘Line of Actual Control,’ remains in the middle of a military standoff. After Indian troops allegedly crossed the border, Chinese guards have refused to allow Indian pilgrims to enter China.

Apparently, New Delhi has shown no signs of backing down. The Quint, news Website reports that the chief of the Indian Army, General Bipin Rawat has arrived for a 2-day visit to Sikkim starting on Thursday.

He is expected to review military operations along the China-India border.

‘One Belt, One Road’ at risk

The recent border clash appears to be the latest signal that Sino-Indian ties are weakening. Many Indians have criticized China’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ (OBOR) initiative that Xi introduced in 2013.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi hugs President Donald Trump as Modi departs the White House, Monday, June 26, 2017, in Washington. - Sputnik International
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The OBOR would pursue the construction of major infrastructure projects and open up cross-border economic corridors among member states in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe.

Beijing hosted an OBOR Summit in May, inviting leaders to gather and to commemorate the initiative. Modi not only failed to attend but refused to sign the OBOR partnership agreement with China.

New Delhi is protesting OBOR on the grounds the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor has encroached into the Kashmir region, which is a disputed territory claimed both by the Indian and Pakistani governments.

Modi’s stance is intended to prove to Indian voters that he will not bow down to Beijing and sacrifice sovereignty over any parts of his country.

Seeking compromise

China and India have had a history of border incursions since 1967 when deadly clashes erupted. Yet in the past few decades, the incidents along the border did not result in serious violence or mayhem.

Indian army soldiers patrol at the Indo China border in Bumla at an altitude of 15,700 feet (4,700 meters) above sea level in Arunachal Pradesh, India. (File) - Sputnik International
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Chinese troops have been known to march into Arunachal Pradesh, India and at one time destroyed two make-shift Indian bunkers located there.

Therefore, Beijing cannot proclaim itself as an innocent victim. But in a border standoff, neither side wants to appear weak, so the two countries must find a peaceful manner and face-saving gesture to ease tensions.

A good solution would be for Indian soldiers to promise not to cross into China for the time being and for Beijing to allow Hindu pilgrims to visit Tibet so they can worship Shiva.

This sounds like a reasonable request for both sides to adhere too, well at least for the next few weeks and months ahead.

The views expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official position of Sputnik.

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