Kristian Rouz – Experts from the investment bank Goldman Sachs say the current pace of the Federal Reserve’s interest rate hikes will lead to a dramatic sell-off in the stock market.
“As QE (quantitative easing, the Fed’s low-interest rate policy) gets tapered through this year and into next year, we’ve got a big swing in the supply duration coming,” Philip Moffitt of Goldman’s Asia-Pacific fixed-income unit said. “It’s going to put upward pressure on yields. I would think that 3.5 percent is not a very brave forecast.”
The analysts warn a sell-off in stocks could occur once the higher base borrowing costs push the benchmark Treasury yield high enough to open up new, more lucrative investment opportunities, including in bonds and the non-financial sector.
Goldman’s experts say if the 10-year Treasury bond yield hits 4.5 percent by the end of this year, the US stock market will see a massive sell-off.
This as the 10-year yield currency stands at 2.88 percent, whilst the Fed’s base borrowing costs are capped at 1.5 percent.
Goldman’s layout is more optimistic than the current market consensus, as many investors fear a sell-off could start once the 10-year yield touches the 3-percent mark. Investors believe higher bond yields will make debt securities more profitable than most stocks, whilst also making investment in non-financial private-sector enterprises more profitable than stocks as well.
“A rise in rates to 4.5 percent by year-end would cause a 20-percent to 25-percent decline in equity prices,” Goldman experts said in a note.
According to the bankers’ most optimistic scenario for equity investors, the benchmark yield could reach 3.25 percent by the end of 2018. This may play out if the Fed abstains from adopting more aggressive interest rate hikes.
Goldman’s experts also said a sharp rise in the benchmark yield and interest rates could cause a slowdown in the broader economy, albeit not a recession.
Analysts point out that the most recent drop in stocks – which was the biggest stock market decline in US economic history in absolute numbers, although not in percentage points – was sparked partially due to investor expectations that the benchmark yield would touch 3 percent at that point.
This was due to the then-rife fears that higher projected US government borrowing would drive bond yields out of control – which didn’t happen.
“The volatility that we’re experiencing in the market place at the moment is this tug-of-war between those who fear that tighter monetary policy will derail the economic activity, and those who say that tighter monetary policy is playing catch up to stronger economic activity,” Adam McCabe of Goldman’s Asian fixed income said.
Overall, the future of the US economy depends on the ability of the Fed and the Treasury to figure out the most appropriate form of interaction between tightening monetary conditions and massive fiscal stimulus.
President Trump’s tax cuts are expected to pour trillions into the economy, and will cost the federal budget an approximate $1.5 trln over the next 10 years. Meanwhile, the President’s infrastructure plan will inject some $1.5-1.7 trln into the non-financial sector, at a cost of at least $200 bln to the budget.
That being said, the Fed can remove at least an equal amount of monetary accommodation from the economy by both raising the rates and selling off its $4.5-trillion bond portfolio. If the GDP growth gains momentum in the coming two-quarters, the Fed will be able to afford to remove a greater amount of monetary accommodation.