'ANC Has Not Paid Sufficient Attention to Land Reforms for 20 Years' – Professor

© REUTERS / Siphiwe Sibeko/File PhotoFarm workers harvest cabbages at a farm in Eikenhof, near Johannesburg, South Africa May 21, 2018
Farm workers harvest cabbages at a farm in Eikenhof, near Johannesburg, South Africa May 21, 2018 - Sputnik International
The Sunday Express reported, citing the head of the South African Agricultural Industry Association, that white farmers in South Africa are putting their land up for sale amid fears of land confiscation.

The land sales follow comments by the chairman of the African National Congress who has stated that the ruling party has been looking to seize properties exceeding 25,000 acres.

Radio Sputnik discussed the issue with Roger Southall, professor of sociology at the University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa.

Sputnik: What is your take on white farmers' approach to sell land in fear of potential expropriation? How workable is this approach?

Roger Southall: It's actually quite a complicated issue. It's a lot more complicated than was suggested by the Sunday Express, which I think is coming in from a particular angle. It's all sorts of issues which are wrapped up together. Certainly, the statement by the ANC president and the president of the country, Cyril Ramaphosa, that the party is going to press ahead with seizure of land without compensation, or the nationalization of land without compensation, has added to a sort of panic-stricken atmosphere in some quarters. There're various ways of looking at his statements or those of Gwede Mantashe.

READ MORE: White Farmers 'Panicking', Put Their Land up For Sale in South Africa — Reports

It's partly about keeping some of the party membership happy; but at the same time, Cyril Ramaphosa is one of the architects of the constitution and I think a rational way of looking at it is that, on the one hand, he's trying to keep the party happy but, on the other, he is trying to keep to constitutional lines. He is trying to play a narrow line between keeping the party happy and also making sure that the whole issue about the expropriation of land without compensation is done according to constitutional norms.

Sputnik: How united is the government in the strategy of expropriation? How likely is the government to proceed with a constitutional reform allowing for land expropriation?

Roger Southall: The constitution in section 25 does allow for expropriation of land in the national interest and expropriation of property in general. I think what the party is trying to do is to try and bring the whole land reform issue to the forefront by amending that to make it easier. A lot of people are actually saying, ‘You don't have to amend the constitution.' The basic problem which is happening in South Africa is that the ANC, the ruling party, hasn't paid sufficient attention to land reform over the last 20 years. And now there's sort of a built-up hunger for land among some of the membership; there's a lot of political pressure from another political party, the Economic Freedom Fighters, it's come to something of a head. I think everybody needs to keep cool heads in this situation rather than some of the alarmist headlines which have been brought forward.

Sputnik: I think a lot of people, especially in South Africa, would be thinking about the implications of the seizure of land and what effect it could potentially have on the economy; what's your take on that? What effect does this have on South Africa's economy?

Roger Southall: I certainly think that holding the debate at the present moment is not helping us in the present situation because we are in a very powerless economic situation at the moment and I think the way this debate is being handled is not helping investment prospects, and I think people are standing back. It is very problematic.

Sputnik: What could be the resolutions to the land issue for the nation in general? This isn't a situation that has just started now, it's not a recent phenomenon, it's been going on for 20 odd years, it's probably just coming to a head now — but what reforms need to be introduced?

Roger Southall: As you're suggesting, it's not actually rocket science. First of all, there's quite a lot of unused land lying around, some of it belonging to the state, and that should be the first land that should be taken into public ownership. Then the government needs to pay far more attention to the way in which land reform is actually managed, and they have performed pretty dismally on this. Where they have set up black farmers on land, they have not provided the technical support, the capital backing and the legal basis for people to go and get private loans from the bank.

READ MORE: South Africa Vows to Avoid Zimbabwe-Style Land Grabs Targeting White Farmers

Meanwhile, there's an issue with the traditional leaders; the ANC, on the one hand, is trying to curry favor with the traditional leaders, but on the other hand, it knows that the traditional leaders are misusing the communal land for private profit and the ANC is frightened to take the loan. I think that a lot of people feel that one of the first things that has to be done is to give people in the communal areas some sort of property right, which would enable them to access capital from the banks.

The views and opinions expressed by the contributors do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

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