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India’s Second Lunar Mission to Carry Payload from NASA

© AP Photo / Aijaz RahiIndian Space Research Organization (ISRO) scientists and engineers monitor the movements of India's Mars orbiter at their Spacecraft Control Centre in Bangalore, India (File)
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) scientists and engineers monitor the movements of India's Mars orbiter at their Spacecraft Control Centre in Bangalore, India (File) - Sputnik International
The mission christened "Chandrayaan-2" will have a launch window between 9 and 16 July. The lunar landing is expected to take place on 6 September this year.

New Delhi (Sputnik): India's second lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2 will be carrying a payload from US space agency NASA, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has revealed. Chandrayaan-2 will have a total of 14 payloads, 13 of them will be Indian payloads while one will be from NASA. The American payload will be a "passive" one.

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​In contrast, the earlier Chandrayaan-1 had 11 payloads in total, 5 from India, 3 from Europe, 2 from the US and 1 from Bulgaria.

India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C-39, carrying IRNSS-1H navigation satellite, lifts off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India, August 31, 2017 - Sputnik International
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Chandrayaan-2, which is the sequel to first Indian lunar mission, will have three modules, namely the Orbiter, Lander, (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan). The Orbiter will carry 8 Indian payloads, Lander will have 3, and 2 will be aboard the Rover. The mission will use GSLV MK-III as the launch vehicle.

ISRO has provided a brief on the mission's various modalities, ranging from the mission launch to lunar landing through a press communique.

"The Orbiter and Lander modules will be interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module and accommodated inside the GSLV MK-III launch vehicle. The Rover is housed inside the Lander", ISRO stated.

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The Orbiter propulsion module will be pressed into service once the GSLV MK-III has done its job and got the integrated module into earth-bound orbit after the launch.

"After launch into earth bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module will reach Moon orbit using Orbiter propulsion module", ISRO added.

Once in lunar orbit, the Lander will separate and land somewhere close to the Moon's South Pole. Rover will then take over for doing mission-specific scientific experiments.

"Subsequently (on reaching lunar orbit), Lander will separate from the Orbiter and soft land at the predetermined site close to lunar South Pole. Further, the Rover will roll out for carrying out scientific experiments on the lunar surface. Instruments are also mounted on Lander and Orbiter for carrying out scientific experiments", ISRO further stated. 



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