China's Rover Possibly Found Minerals Beneath Moon Surface

© AP Photo / China National Space Administration/Xinhua News Agency / In this photo provided Jan. 12, 2019, by the China National Space Administration via Xinhua News Agency, the lunar lander of the Chang'e-4 probe is seen in a photo taken by the rover Yutu-2 on Jan. 11, 2019
In this photo provided Jan. 12, 2019, by the China National Space Administration via Xinhua News Agency, the lunar lander of the Chang'e-4 probe is seen in a photo taken by the rover Yutu-2 on Jan. 11, 2019 - Sputnik International
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Earlier, Chang'e-4 landed inside the moon's Von Karman crater, one of the largest known impact structures in the solar system.

Scientists from China presented the primary results of the study of samples of the mantle on the far side of the moon, according to the Nature journal.

The lander's rover, Yutu-2, discovered low-calcium (ortho)pyroxene and olivine in samples — high-density minerals with a low calcium content and a high iron content.

READ MORE: Cold Moon: China's Chang'e-4 Rover, Lander Survive First Lunar Night on Far Side

Scientists think that these rocks were originally part of the upper mantle, but were ejected to the surface due to the fall of meteorites.

They note that over the past 60 years, only the crust of the Earth's satellite, which consists of light minerals from the class of plagioclase, has been studied. It is believed that the mantle contains more heavy chemical elements such as iron and manganese, but the composition of the forming rocks of the mantle remains unknown.

Yutu-2 will continue to study lunar mantle material.

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