A unique detector for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is being developed by scientists from the Moscow-based National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, its press service has reported.
According to the press service, researchers managed to find a number of theoretical and engineering solutions that make it possible to create a so-called transient radiation detector (TIR) based on high-grain semiconductors.
MEPhI senior fellow Pyotr Tetetrin explained that "an area of several degrees to the direction of the colliding protons, in which it would be possible to trace the formation of different types of hadrons, still remains a 'blind spot' of research at the LHC".
He said that exploring this sector may shed more light on the structure of a proton and help scientists resolve the paradox of particle physics, namely the change in particle spectrums at extremely high energies.
"Developing realistic RTR models, we showed the possibility of determining hadron spectra with a percentage accuracy, which is a breakthrough that should play a central role in the experiments planned at the LHC", Teterin underscored.
According to him, it turned out that interference effects in the LNC's multilayer radiators change the main angle at which the transition radiation is generated, and its dependence on the particle mass can differ greatly from generally accepted law.
In the future, they plan to create a high-quality transient radiation detector to track high-precision particles so as to carry out experiments related to high-energy physics and cosmic rays.
The research will be conducted in cooperation with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Russia's Dubna and one of the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN)'s collaborations, MediPix.