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Which African Countries Have Longest Living Population?

© AP Photo / Adelle KalakoutiIn this photo taken Wednesday, Oct. 18, 2017, Karamojong female elders gather for a discussion in the semi-arid savannah region of Karamoja, in northeastern Uganda.
In this photo taken Wednesday, Oct. 18, 2017, Karamojong female elders gather for a discussion in the semi-arid savannah region of Karamoja, in northeastern Uganda.  - Sputnik International, 1920, 27.02.2023
According to UN estimates, healthy life expectancy among Africans has increased by almost ten years from 2000 to 2019. This growth is mainly attributed to improved access to essential health services across the continent, as well as considerable progress in the fight against infectious diseases.
Recent data provided by the Rwandan National Institute of Statistics has shown that people in the East African nation live at least nine years longer than in the rest of the region. Rwanda's life expectancy has grown from 51.2 years in 2002 to 69.6 years in 2022.
The data was collected under the fifth Population and Housing Census 2022. The census indicated that Rwanda's population is now 13.2 million, up from 10.5 million in 2012, with an annual growth rate of 2.3%. The report praised the progress made so far in terms of improving and extending people's life, stating that Rwandans are now living longer and healthier lives.
Against this backdrop, Sputnik compares data on life expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa and lists nations with the longest-living population.

Top 10 African States by Life Expectancy

According to 2020 World Bank data, small developing island countries lead the list of Sub-Saharan African states by life expectancy with figures exceeding 70 years.
The list below presents the top ten African countries with the highest average life expectancy at birth.
Seychelles - 77
Cabo Verde -75
Mauritius - 74
Rwanda - 69.6
Senegal - 68
Sao Tome and Principe - 68
Eritrea - 67
Gabon - 67
Botswana - 66
Tanzania - 66
Previously, Rwanda shared sixth place with Eritrea and Gabon. However, the new data put the country in fourth ahead of other nations in East Africa, and even in sub-Saharan Africa, if high-income states are excluded.
As for East Africa, people there have a lifespan of slightly above 60 years with Tanzanians coming second after Rwanda at 66 years. The lowest life expectancy in the region is in South Sudan with residents living around 55 years.
A small herd of common Zebra graze on the savannah on November 30, 2022 as dust kicks up in the background at the Amboseli National Park, the vast area hard hit by the drought that wiped out pastures for the main herbivores. - Sputnik International, 1920, 26.02.2023
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West Africa is represented in the list by Senegal and Sao Tome and Principe, where people live on average 68 years. As for the total of 48 countries from the World Bank's data, the lowest life expectancy is in Chad and Nigeria at 53 years.
According to UN estimates, in some countries, the COVID-19 pandemic has been responsible for a significant reduction in life expectancy at birth. In particular, for Botswana, which ranks ninth in the list above, estimates of life expectancy at birth declined by more than four years between 2019 and 2021.
The current life expectancy for Africa is around 64, while global figures stand at 72. The UN underlined in its 2022 report that current projections indicate further improvements in survival, which are expected to result in an average length of life globally of approximately 77 years in 2050.
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