"I have received Mehmet Kaplan's resignation request and approved of it," said PM Stefan Löfven at a press conference in Stockholm, Dagens Nyheter reports.
"I've come to know Mehmet Kaplan as a man of humanistic and democratic values, but a minister should be able to represent Sweden in an unquestionable way," he added.
The press conference concluded a week of controversies, in which Kaplan was accused of maintaining too close contacts with members of radical organizations, such as the Grey Wolves. Speaking after Löfven, he rejected those claims.
"All my life I have worked against extremism of all kinds," he told reporters, claiming that he had fallen victim to unfounded accusations.
"Let me be clear: my stepping down is by no means a confirmation of the information that I consider to be incorrect," he said.
The news came immediately under heavy fire from among others Israel's ambassador to Stockholm and Sweden's Foreign Minister Margot Wallström.
Last week, a photograph emerged of Kaplan having dinner with members of the Turkish extremist organization The Grey Wolves.