Radio Sputnik studio at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF) 2017. - Sputnik International, 1920
Sputnik Explains
When simply knowing is not enough: if you want to be well-informed about political, socio-economic and military affairs all over the world, dig deeper with Sputnik!

Does the US Recognize Taiwan as Country?

© AP Photo / Chiang Ying-ying Two soldiers fold the national flag during the daily flag ceremony on the Liberty Square of Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in Taipei, Taiwan, Saturday, July 30, 2022
 Two soldiers fold the national flag during the daily flag ceremony on the Liberty Square of Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in Taipei, Taiwan, Saturday, July 30, 2022 - Sputnik International, 1920, 29.03.2023
While the United States treated the authorities at Taiwan as the only legitimate government of China back in the early 1950s, Washington changed its stance about two decades later in order to cozy up to Beijing.
A year after then-US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan, dealing a serious blow to the already strained relations between Washington and Beijing, Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen is now expected to visit the United States.
News of this development come as the relationship between the United States and Taiwan appear rather ambiguous, to put it mildly – while the US apparently does not recognize the island as an independent entity at this time, Washington keeps providing large quantities of weapons to Taiwan and essentially pulls all the stops to prevent the island’s possible reunification with China.

When Did Taiwan Leave China?

Following its defeat in the Chinese Civil War, which led to the creation of the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC), the Kuomintang party fled to the island of Taiwan where the party’s leader, Chiang Kai-shek, proclaimed the city of Taipei as the provisional capital of the Republic of China.

Why Taiwan is Not Recognized as a Country by Most States?

Despite Taiwan attempting to assert itself as an independent state, few countries recognize it as such because of the “One China Policy” enforced by Beijing.
Simply put, the People’s Republic of China positions itself as the only sovereign state under the name China, and recognizing Taiwan, which styles itself as “Republic of China,” violates this principle.
Therefore, a country that were to recognize Taiwan as a sovereign state would effectively alienate itself from China, world’s biggest economy at this point.
Taipei 101 at night from a moutain view (Taiwan) - Sputnik International, 1920, 29.03.2023
China Urges US to Stop All Forms of Official Interaction With Taiwan

What Countries Recognize Taiwan?

Despite that, several states in the world currently recognize Taiwan as a sovereign country.
These countries are:
Marshall Islands,
Saint Lucia,
Saint Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
the Vatican City.

When Did the US Recognize Taiwan?

With the Cold War gaining momentum, the United States did not immediately recognize the PRC and instead regarded Taiwan as the only legitimate government of China.
After the Korean War broke out in 1950, the US was quick to provide financial and military assistance to Taiwan in order to prevent a possible Chinese invasion, eventually even deploying nuclear weapons on the island.
The situation changed, however, when the United States sought to drive a wedge between Moscow and Beijing in the 1970s and formally recognized PRC, moving the US embassy from Taipei to Beijing and shutting down the Taiwanese embassy in the US, as well as withdrawing the US nukes from the island.
September 16, 2022. Chinese President Xi Jinping at an expanded meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Heads of State - Sputnik International, 1920, 13.03.2023
‘One Family’: Xi, Li Tell Lawmakers China to Promote ‘Peaceful Development’ of Taiwan Reunification
While that move resulted in the US being forced to abide by the so-called “One China Policy,” Washington continued maintaining unofficial diplomatic ties with Taiwan and provide it with weapons.
At the same time, the US maintained a “strategic ambiguity,” recognizing PRC as the only legal government of China but refraining from encouraging Taiwan’s return under Beijing’s control.
To participate in the discussion
log in or register
Заголовок открываемого материала