Люди во время встречи первого восхода солнца Нового 2023 года в Сеуле  - Sputnik International, 1920, 21.04.2023
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Astronomers Discover Exoplanet With a Boiling Ocean

CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO / ESP/Ricardo Ramírez Reyes (Universidad de Chile) / Screenshot from a video.An artist impression of exoplanet LTT9779b orbiting its host star.
An artist impression of exoplanet LTT9779b orbiting its host star. - Sputnik International, 1920, 09.03.2024
The exoplanet, known as TOI-270 d, was described by NASA as a Neptune-like exoplanet with a mass that is a little over 4.5 Earths. This exoplanet, which was discovered in 2019, takes 11.4 days to complete one orbit around its star and is about 70 light years away.
NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has discovered a distant planet that could be entirely covered by water, according to a report published on Friday. The planet was discovered during a quest to identify habitable exoplanets, as Webb’s advanced instruments allow it to conduct detailed analysis of exoplanet atmospheres that may present key, life-sustaining molecules.
Through Webb’s observations, it found water vapor and chemical signatures of methane and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of the exoplanet. Based on these findings, astronomers believe this chemical mixture is consistent with a water world in which a boiling hot “ocean” would cover the entire surface.
“The ocean could be upwards of 100 degrees Celsius [212 degrees Fahrenheit] or more,” said Professor of Astrophysics and Exoplanetary Science Nikku Madhusudhan of the Institute of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge, who led the analysis. He adds that an ocean this hot could still be liquid due to the high atmospheric pressure, but it isn’t clear whether or not the planet would be habitable.
The absence of ammonia is another reason as to why scientists believe his exoplanet may have an ocean on its surface, even though it should naturally occur in a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, based on chemical principles.
Madhusudhan adds that TOI-270 d could be a Hycean planet, which is a particular type of exoplanet that contain hydrogen-rich atmospheres and support large liquid oceans. It was once thought that these Hycean planets could support life, though a recent study suggests that may not be the case, as these planets would suffer from a catastrophic runaway greenhouse effect and could limit their potential to host life.
TOI-270 d is also tidally licked, which means one side faces its star—which is a red dwarf—and the other side is bathed in eternal darkness, creating an extreme temperature difference. The planet would also have an atmosphere with tens or hundreds of times the pressure at the Earth’s surface.

“The ocean would be extremely hot on the day side. The night side could potentially host habitable conditions,” said Madhusudhan. “We need to be extremely careful about how we communicate findings on this kind of object,” he added. “It’s easy for the public to jump on to the idea that we’re finding life already.”

Astronomers also detected carbon disulphide, which has been linked to biological processes on Earth, though it can be produced in other ways.
“We can’t tie [carbon disulphide] to biological activity,” said Madhusudhan. “In a hydrogen-rich atmosphere, it is relatively easy to make it. But if we’re able to measure the unique molecule it’s promising that we should be able to measure habitable planets in the future.
Neptune, the Eighth Planet from the Sun, Nicknamed The Windy Planet for its winds that can surpass 1,100 mph. - Sputnik International, 1920, 24.08.2023
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