Люди во время встречи первого восхода солнца Нового 2023 года в Сеуле  - Sputnik International, 1920, 21.04.2023
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UK Better Home for Giant Sequoias and Redwoods Than Native US

© AP Photo / Nic CouryBig Basin Redwoods State Park near Boulder Creek, Calif., Tuesday, Aug. 17, 2021.
Big Basin Redwoods State Park near Boulder Creek, Calif., Tuesday, Aug. 17, 2021. - Sputnik International, 1920, 13.03.2024
Some tree species that grow as tall as 300 feet and have lifespans up to 3,000 years show similar growth rates despite climate and ecological variations in their environments, like between the US state of California and the UK.
The United Kingdom is now home to about 500,000 giant sequoia and coastal redwood trees — outnumbering just 80,000 of their kin growing in California's Sierra Nevada mountains,
The towering trees can reach about 300 ft (90 meters) during their 3,000-year lifespan. Despite the ecological differences between the UK and in their native California, these trees show similar growth rates and can mop up substantial amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, a stud published in the journal Royal Society Open Science revealed.
Utilizing 3D terrestrial laser scanning technology, the scientists measured, weighed and analyzed the trees to study their stems, stumps, branches, bark, seeds and foliage. Referring back to historical records dating back to their introduction in 1853, when they were initially brought to the UK as seeds and saplings, the research team were able to measure their growth rates over time.

"Giant sequoias are some of the most massive organisms on Earth and in their native range, make up some of the most carbon-dense forests in the world due to their great age," said Ross Holland, the study's lead author and geospatial analyst at East Point Geo. "We found that UK redwoods are well adapted to the UK and able to capture a large amount of carbon dioxide."

Мужчина сидит на поврежденном в результате природного пожара историческом баньяновом дереве Лахайны на Гавайях  - Sputnik International, 1920, 21.09.2023
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Victorian-era Britain viewed these majestic trees as symbols of opulence, often adorning grand estates and parks with them.
In the 21st century, their significance has evolved beyond mere decoration, becoming more practical — there is renewed interest in planting these giants for "public appeal and potential for storing carbon," according to the scientists.
Researchers from University College London (UCL) and the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, west London, have made the first-ever map of giant redwood trees in the UK, finding around 5,000 across the country. They studied 97 trees in three locations: an avenue at Benmore Botanical Garden in Dunoon, Scotland, Wakehurst Place in West Sussex — whose grounds are managed by Kew Gardens — and a path in mixed woodland in Havering Country Park, Essex.
They found that UK redwoods can capture 85 kilograms of carbon yearly, depending on their age, climate and care.
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